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Incredible Facts About Australian Football

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Australian football is one of the fastest growing sports in not only Australia but also in other parts of the world today. It is the simplest to learn on how to play since most of the rules that governs the play are all borrowed from other disciplines like rugby, soccer and cricket. It is quite entertaining for the players and those that watch the game. The teams are made of eighteen players each. The players are then divided into three portions. There are those that are supposed to be at the back guarding their goal so that the opponents do not score against them. These are called the defenders. They will do all that they can to make sure that the opponent doesn’t kick the ball past their goal posts. The second category is the midfielders. They are six players. Their role is to be the creative part of the game. They can defend and create scoring chances for the team. They are supposed to make sure that the opponents do not go past their midfield with the ball. They will therefore make sure that they take the ball from them and supply it to the strikers who will then make sure that they score. Here are some of the rules of the Australian football that you need to be aware of;


Officials of the game

For any game to be fair and entertaining there must be officials whose role is to make sure that all players are observing the rules of the game. The officials that are involved in the Australian football are known as the umpires. They are supposed to be seven of them. Each of them has got specific task during the game. They are supposed to be in unique uniform so as to prevent the players from confusing them with other players. They are supposed to signal once an offence has been committed. They are supposed to punish the player or the team that has been involved with such an offence. They should also make sure that the ball is played within the set boundaries of the field. Once the coach wants to make a substitution, the umpires are supposed to be contacted to allow the substitute to get in the field. Basically, they are supposed to keep law and order in the field.


Positions of the players

Each player in the Australian football is supposed to specialize in specific playing positions. This makes him or her very efficient and professional. The team is divided into three groups of players. Those that are supposed to guard the goal are therefore referred to as the defenders. The other group includes the midfielders. They do both defending and striking. The third group of players is the strikers. They are six of them. They are supposed to coordinate within themselves so as the AFL scores as many goals as possible for the team. All these players need to coordinate for them to defeat their opponent.

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How to Avoid Spending Too Much on a Plumber

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Many customers have complained about being overcharged by their plumber after forking out thousands for a simple job such as commercial kitchen fitout. So how can we prevent spending too much next time we need our pipes unblocked?

The majority of plumbers are professional and charge their clients a fair amount, however the highly in-demand nature of the industry has allowed for some shifty people to prey on innocent clients. Here’s how to find a good catch:


Do your research

Word-of-mouth recommendations are arguably the best way to find top quality plumbers, but if you can’t get any, you’ll have to do some online research instead.

Of course, this assumes that you have the time to do so – an overflowing toilet is a pretty urgent situation that may require you to call the closest plumber around. The Institute of Plumbing has a reputable website which provides a directory of registered plumbers; this is a great way to find a plumber near you via postcode. Alternatively, you can look them up using the Yellow Pages.

Once you’ve located a plumber, you’ll want to assess them for quality. You can do this by:

  • Asking them how long they have been working for and if you can visit their premises
  • Asking them for references
  • Asking them if you can see any examples of work they have performed
  • Asking them if they have insurance for your property – and your neighbour’s property
  • Asking them if they guarantee their work and back this up with insurance; and
  • Finding out if they are an official trade body member (e.g. APHC); this requires them to adhere to a code of practice.

No matter how reassuring they are over the phone, it’s important to check that they are appropriately qualified. You can do this by visiting them in person, viewing their past work and checking with trade bodies.

Also make sure that you call several different plumbers to compare – and get different quotes.


How much should you pay?

There are no official guidelines around how much you should be charged by a plumber. This makes it essential to get a number of different quotes, so that you can get an average price; if one charges $2000 for a job and another charges $200, this is a clear sign that you need to do more research.

The APHC suggests avoiding plumbers that require you to pay a large amount of the fee upfront. While a deposit is okay, any more than 50% is too much. Make sure you agree to a price before they start work so you don’t get a rude shock at the end.


Get a written contract

contract signing

Getting your plumber to give you a written contract before commencing work is an excellent way to establish the price and keep you safe legally if something goes wrong. This contract should include a full description of the work that will be done, the plumber’s agreed upon quote, start and end dates for the work, and information on any guarantees. You might also want to take notes of the work as it goes on.


How to make a complaint

If you have a bad experience and are dissatisfied with the outcome, the best place to start is with your plumber in question. Make a complaint in writing specifying the problem, your desired solution and a time frame, and in most cases they will be happy to help. If this doesn’t help, you can then go through their registered trade organisation’s complaints procedure. If they aren’t a member of any trade bodies you will have to take them to court.

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wedding invitation

How to DIY Your Wedding Invitations

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If you’re doing your big day on a small budget, creating your own wedding cards is a great alternative to purchasing expensive cards through a designer.

Planning a marital ceremony can be stressful – it’s important that making your own cards is straightforward and hassle free. Thankfully, there are a number of digital resources that make the process incredibly easy – and also a lot of fun!

You don’t need to be a skilled designer to DIY your wedding invitations; tools like Canva and Adobe Spark allow you to create them with ease, erase your mistakes, try different options and share your designs with friends. Of course, you can make your cards as simple or as complex as you like – it all depends on what you’re after and how much time you have to spend on them.


Figure out your wording

The first step in the design process is to decide what information you’ll be including on your wedding invitations. Open up a Word document and figure out your wording, making sure to include details like request, time and date, names, location and RSVP details. 


Sketch (or choose) a design

You’ll then need to decide what you want your design to look like. Online evite sites will generally provide you with a gallery of premade options, or you can start your own from scratch. Get inspired by other designs online and then draw a rough sketch on a piece of paper to get an idea of what you want. Make sure you establish what theme and colour scheme you’ll be using, too.


Select your shape and size

Evite sites offer a number of different shapes and sizes for printing your wedding invitations. You might be content with the traditional 5 x 7 inch rectangle or you might want to be a bit different and opt for a square one. Whatever you desire, you can have!


Choose your images

Choose images that pair well with your theme. If you’re having a romantic fairy-tale affair, flowers will look great. If you’re having a celestial marital ceremony, look for star and moon images. Ensure that you use images that you’re allowed to use – public domain unless you’ve paid for your images.


Select a typography style

Your choice of typefaces will have a huge impact on the overall look of your wedding invitations given the importance of text in this context. Bold or script typefaces generally work best for headings (such as the names of the couple getting hitched), whereas thin, regular and easy-to-read typefaces are ideal for secondary text. Other typography pairings include thick and thin, serif and sans-serif, and regular and italics.


Figure out printing

Working out how to print your wedding invitations properly is often the most stressful part of the process – it’s unfortunately all too easy for a print job to go wrong! First, establish what kind of paper you want to print on. Options include matte, parchment, marble, vellum, glassine, recycled and linen.

Next, decide what printing method you’d like to use – this can potentially be expensive as you may need to hire someone with the appropriate tools. Letterpress presses letter plates into the paper to create a lovely indented look. Engraving allows you to create raised letters on your wedding invitations but is quite costly. Digital or offset printing is the cheapest option, ideal for people who want to print at home.

If you’re printing your cards through a business (and not your home printer), make sure to do so far in advance of your marital ceremony to ensure they arrive on time and look the way you want them to.

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